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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-38143
Baker Hughes Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
81-4403168
(State or other jurisdiction
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
of incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
17021 Aldine Westfield
 
Houston,
Texas
77073-5101
(Address of principal executive offices)
 (Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (713439-8600
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share
BKR
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes No
As of October 22, 2019, the registrant had outstanding 649,868,818 shares of Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share and 377,427,844 shares of Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share.



Baker Hughes Company
Table of Contents

 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | i



PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Baker Hughes Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except per share amounts)
2019
2018
2019
2018
Revenue:






Sales of goods
$
3,339

$
3,142

$
9,886

$
9,421

Sales of services
2,543

2,523

7,604

7,191

Total revenue
5,882

5,665

17,490

16,612








Costs and expenses:



 
 
Cost of goods sold
2,901

2,819

8,647

8,371

Cost of services sold
1,880

1,873

5,705

5,491

Selling, general and administrative
679

608

2,083

1,944

Restructuring, impairment and other
71

66

183

374

Separation and merger related
54

17

128

113

Total costs and expenses
5,585

5,383

16,746

16,293

Operating income
297

282

744

319

Other non operating income (loss), net
(14
)
6

(124
)
51

Interest expense, net
(59
)
(55
)
(174
)
(164
)
Income before income taxes and equity in loss of affiliate
224

233

446

206

Equity in loss of affiliate

(85
)

(139
)
Provision for income taxes
(107
)
(110
)
(269
)
(86
)
Net income (loss)
117

38

177

(19
)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
60

25

97

(83
)
Net income attributable to Baker Hughes Company
$
57

$
13

$
80

$
64






 
 
Per share amounts:


 
 
Basic and diluted earnings per Class A common stock
$
0.11

$
0.03

$
0.15

$
0.15






 
 
Cash dividend per Class A common stock
$
0.18

$
0.18

$
0.54

$
0.54

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 1



Baker Hughes Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)
2019
2018
2019
2018
Net income (loss)
$
117

$
38

$
177

$
(19
)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
60

25

97

(83
)
Net income attributable to Baker Hughes Company
57

13

80

64

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Investment securities
(1
)
(1
)

(3
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(123
)
(88
)
(96
)
(312
)
Cash flow hedges
2

(2
)
3

(1
)
Benefit plans
7

1

(6
)
3

Other comprehensive loss
(115
)
(90
)
(99
)
(313
)
Less: Other comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(42
)
(56
)
(33
)
(195
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to Baker Hughes Company
(73
)
(34
)
(66
)
(118
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
2

(52
)
78

(332
)
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
18

(31
)
64

(278
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Baker Hughes Company
$
(16
)
$
(21
)
$
14

$
(54
)
See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 2



Baker Hughes Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except par value)
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
$
2,808

$
3,723

Current receivables, net
6,165

5,969

Inventories, net
4,739

4,620

All other current assets
1,057

659

Total current assets
14,769

14,971

Property, plant and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $4,160 and $3,625)
6,141

6,228

Goodwill
20,654

20,717

Other intangible assets, net
5,431

5,719

Contract and other deferred assets
1,851

1,894

All other assets
2,760

1,838

Deferred income taxes
943

1,072

Total assets (1)
$
52,549

$
52,439

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
Accounts payable
$
3,870

$
4,025

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt (1)
694

942

Progress collections and deferred income
2,436

1,765

All other current liabilities
2,332

2,288

Total current liabilities
9,332

9,020

Long-term debt
6,313

6,285

Deferred income taxes
74

143

Liabilities for pensions and other postretirement benefits
977

1,018

All other liabilities
1,417

960

Equity:


Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value - 2,000 authorized, 649 and 513 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively


Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value - 1,250 authorized, 377 and 522 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively


Capital in excess of par value
23,570

18,659

Retained earnings

25

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,694
)
(1,219
)
Baker Hughes Company equity
21,876

17,465

Noncontrolling interests
12,560

17,548

Total equity
34,436

35,013

Total liabilities and equity
$
52,549

$
52,439

(1) 
Total assets include $647 million and $896 million of assets held on behalf of General Electric Company, of which $528 million and $747 million is cash and cash equivalents and $119 million and $149 million is investment securities at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and a corresponding amount of liability is reported in short-term borrowings. See "Note 16. Related Party Transactions" for further details.
See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 3



Baker Hughes Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Capital
in Excess
of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings (Loss)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Non-controlling
Interests
Total Equity
Balance at December 31, 2018
$

$

$
18,659

$
25

$
(1,219
)
$
17,548

$
35,013

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income




80


97

177

Other comprehensive loss





(66
)
(33
)
(99
)
Cash dividends to Class A common stock ($0.54 per share)


(172
)
(106
)


(278
)
Distribution to noncontrolling interests





(282
)
(282
)
Effect of exchange of Class B common stock and associated BHGE LLC Units


4,740


(332
)
(4,408
)

Repurchase and cancellation of Class B common stock and associated BHGE LLC Units


107


(18
)
(339
)
(250
)
Stock-based compensation cost


136




136

Net activity related to noncontrolling interests


91


(59
)
16

48

Other


9

1


(39
)
(29
)
Balance at September 30, 2019
$

$

$
23,570

$

$
(1,694
)
$
12,560

$
34,436



(In millions, except per share amounts)
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Capital
in Excess
of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings (Loss)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Non-controlling
Interests
Total Equity
Balance at June 30, 2019
$

$

$
18,668

$
(9
)
$
(1,271
)
$
17,393

$
34,781

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income




57


60

117

Other comprehensive loss





(73
)
(42
)
(115
)
Cash dividends to Class A Common Stock ($0.18 per share)


(45
)
(48
)


(93
)
Distribution to noncontrolling interests





(94
)
(94
)
Effect of exchange of Class B common stock and associated BHGE LLC Units


4,740


(332
)
(4,408
)

Repurchase and cancellation of Class B common stock and associated BHGE LLC Units


107


(18
)
(339
)
(250
)
Stock-based compensation cost


50




50

Net activity related to noncontrolling interests


39



23

62

Other


11



(33
)
(22
)
Balance at September 30, 2019
$

$

$
23,570

$

$
(1,694
)
$
12,560

$
34,436

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.











Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 4



Baker Hughes Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Capital
in Excess
of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings (Loss)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Non-controlling
Interests
Total Equity
Balance at December 31, 2017
$

$

$
15,083

$
(103
)
$
(703
)
$
24,133

$
38,410

Effect of adoption of ASU 2016-16 on taxes




25


42

67

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)




64


(83
)
(19
)
Other comprehensive loss





(118
)
(195
)
(313
)
Cash dividends to Class A Common Stock ($0.54 per share)


(224
)



 
(224
)
Repurchase and cancellation of Class A and Class B common stock


(374
)


(626
)
(1,000
)
Distribution to noncontrolling interests






(400
)
(400
)
Stock-based compensation cost


90




90

Other





(48
)
(48
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$

$

$
14,575

$
(14
)
$
(821
)
$
22,823

$
36,563


(In millions, except per share amounts)
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Capital
in Excess
of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings (Loss)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Non-controlling
Interests
Total Equity
Balance at June 30, 2018
$

$

$
14,625

$
(27
)
$
(787
)
$
23,006

$
36,817

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income




13


25

38

Other comprehensive loss





(34
)
(56
)
(90
)
Cash dividends to Class A Common Stock ($0.18 per share)


(74
)




(74
)
Distribution to noncontrolling interests






(147
)
(147
)
Stock-based compensation cost


31




31

Other


(7
)


(5
)
(12
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$

$

$
14,575

$
(14
)
$
(821
)
$
22,823

$
36,563

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 5



Baker Hughes Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)
2019
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
177

$
(19
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
1,065

1,133

Loss on sale of business
138


Benefit for deferred income taxes
(46
)
(312
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:


Current receivables
(375
)
(36
)
Inventories
(324
)
(335
)
Accounts payable
(51
)
458

Progress collections and deferred income
710

(198
)
Contract and other deferred assets
(46
)
53

Other operating items, net
(479
)
(71
)
Net cash flows from operating activities
769

673

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
Expenditures for capital assets
(873
)
(653
)
Proceeds from disposal of assets
201

330

Net cash paid for business interests and acquisitions
(69
)
(20
)
Other investing items, net
82

139

Net cash flows used in investing activities
(659
)
(204
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
Net repayments of short-term debt and other borrowings
(191
)
(319
)
Repayment of long-term debt
(36
)
(673
)
Dividends paid
(278
)
(224
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(282
)
(400
)
Repurchase of Class A common stock

(387
)
Repurchase of common units from GE by BHGE LLC
(250
)
(638
)
Other financing items, net
41

(6
)
Net cash flows used in financing activities
(996
)
(2,647
)
Effect of currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(29
)
(87
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(915
)
(2,265
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
3,723

7,030

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
2,808

$
4,765

Supplemental cash flows disclosures:


Income taxes paid
$
286

$
305

Interest paid
$
196

$
218


See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 6



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS
Baker Hughes Company (Baker Hughes, the Company, we, us, or, our) is an energy technology company with a diversified portfolio of technologies and services that span the entire energy value chain. We conduct business in more than 120 countries and employ approximately 68,000 employees. The Company was formed as the result of a combination between Baker Hughes Incorporated (BHI) and the oil and gas business (GE O&G) of General Electric Company (GE). As of September 16, 2019, GE ceased to hold more than 50% of the voting power of all classes of our outstanding voting stock.  Subsequently, on October 17, 2019, the Company changed its name from Baker Hughes, a GE company to Baker Hughes Company. On October 18, 2019, the Company began trading as BKR on the New York Stock Exchange.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
On July 3, 2017, we closed the business combination (the Transactions) of GE O&G and BHI. As a result, substantially all of the businesses of GE O&G and of BHI were transferred to a subsidiary of the Company, Baker Hughes, a GE company, LLC (BHGE LLC). Following the Transactions, we held a minority economic interest in BHGE LLC. However, we conducted and exercised full control over all activities of BHGE LLC without the approval of any other member. Accordingly, we consolidated the financial results of BHGE LLC and reported a noncontrolling interest in our consolidated financial statements for the economic interest in BHGE LLC not held by us.
In June 2018, GE announced their intention to pursue an orderly separation from Baker Hughes over time. To that end, in November 2018, we completed an underwritten secondary public offering in which GE and its affiliates sold 101.2 million shares of our Class A common stock. We did not receive any proceeds from the shares sold by GE and its affiliates. The offering included the exchange by GE and its affiliates of common units of BHGE LLC (LLC Units) (together with the corresponding shares of our Class B common stock) for our Class A common stock. Also, in November 2018, we repurchased 65 million LLC Units (together with the corresponding shares of our Class B common stock) from GE and its affiliates for $1.5 billion. In connection with the repurchase, the corresponding shares of Class B common stock held by GE and its affiliates were canceled. As a result of this secondary offering and repurchase, GE's economic interest in BHGE LLC was reduced from approximately 62.5% to approximately 50.4%.
On September 16, 2019, we completed a second underwritten secondary public offering in which GE and its affiliates sold 132.3 million shares of our Class A common stock. We did not receive any proceeds from the shares sold by GE and its affiliates in this offering. The offering included the exchange by GE and its affiliates of LLC Units, together with the corresponding shares of our Class B common stock, for our Class A common stock. Also, on September 16, 2019, we repurchased approximately 11.9 million of our Class B common stock, together with an equal number of associated LLC Units, from GE and its affiliates for approximately $250 million. In connection with this repurchase, the corresponding shares of Class B common stock and LLC Units were canceled. As a result of this secondary offering and the repurchase, GE's interest in Baker Hughes was reduced from approximately 50.3% to approximately 36.8%, and therefore, GE ceased to hold more than 50% of the voting power of all classes of our outstanding voting stock. As of September 30, 2019, GE's interest in us remains at approximately 36.8%.
We are a holding company and have no material assets other than our ownership interest in BHGE LLC and certain intercompany and tax related balances. BHGE LLC is a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Registrant with separate filing requirements with the SEC and its separate financial information can be obtained from www.sec.gov.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. and such principles, U.S. GAAP) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial information. Accordingly, certain information and disclosures normally included in our annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted. Therefore, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated and combined financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 (2018 Annual Report).


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 7



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary by management to fairly state our results of operations, financial position and cash flows of the Company and its subsidiaries for the periods presented and are not indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year. The Company's financial statements have been prepared on a consolidated basis. Under this basis of presentation, our financial statements consolidate all of our subsidiaries (entities in which we have a controlling financial interest, most often because we hold a majority voting interest). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
In the Company's financial statements and notes, certain amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current year presentation. In the notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, all dollar and share amounts in tabulations are in millions of dollars and shares, respectively, unless otherwise indicated. Certain columns and rows in our financial statements and notes thereto may not add due to the use of rounded numbers.
In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, separation and merger related costs include costs incurred in connection with the separation from GE and the finalization of the Master Agreement Framework. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, separation and merger related costs are comprised solely of costs associated with the Transactions. See "Note 16. Related Party Transactions" for further information on the Master Agreement Framework.
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Please refer to "Note 1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," to our consolidated financial statements from our 2018 Annual Report for the discussion of our significant accounting policies. Please refer to the "New Accounting Standards Adopted" section of this Note for changes to our accounting policies.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
As of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we had $1,157 million and $1,208 million, respectively, of cash held in bank accounts that cannot be released, transferred or otherwise converted into a currency that is regularly transacted internationally, due to lack of market liquidity, capital controls or similar monetary or exchange limitations limiting the flow of capital out of the jurisdiction. These funds are available to fund operations and growth in these jurisdictions, and we do not currently anticipate a need to transfer these funds to the U.S. Included in these amounts are $378 million and $461 million, as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, held on behalf of GE.
Cash and cash equivalents includes a total of $528 million and $747 million of cash at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, held on behalf of GE, and a corresponding liability is reported in short-term borrowings. See "Note 16. Related Party Transactions" for further details.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADOPTED
Leases
On January 1, 2019, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases, and the related amendments (ASC 842). This ASU requires lessees to recognize an operating lease asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet, with the exception of short-term leases. We adopted the standard using the modified retrospective approach under which leases existing at, or entered into after January 1, 2019 were required to be recognized and measured. Prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reflected in accordance with our historical accounting. The Company has elected the practical expedients upon transition that allow entities not to reassess lease identification, classification and initial direct costs for leases that existed prior to adoption. 
The most significant impact of the standard is the recognition of right-of-use (ROU) assets and operating lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases. Under the standard, disclosures are required to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 8



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

flows arising from leases. We implemented internal controls and key system functionality to enable the preparation of financial information on adoption.
We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. ROU assets are included in "All other assets" and operating lease liabilities are included in "All other current liabilities" and "All other liabilities" on our consolidated statement of financial position. Finance lease assets are included in "Property, plant and equipment," and finance lease liabilities are included in "Short-term debt," and "Long-term debt" on our consolidated statement of financial position.
ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized at the later of the lease commencement date or the effective date of adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019, based on the present value of lease payments over the remaining lease term. Finance lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use our incremental collateralized borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Short-term leases under one year do not result in a ROU asset, but are recognized in the income statement only on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company has made an election to include within our operating lease liability future payments for both lease and non-lease components. See "Note 8. Leases" for additional information.
The adoption of this standard resulted in the recording of ROU assets and operating lease liabilities of $844 million as of January 1, 2019 on our consolidated statements of financial position with an immaterial impact on our consolidated statements of equity and no related impact on our consolidated statements of income (loss). Short-term leases have not been recorded on the consolidated statements of financial position. Our accounting for finance leases remained substantially unchanged.
Derivatives and Hedging
On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. Since there was no impact from the new guidance to our consolidated financial statements, no transition adjustments were recorded. ASU 2017-12 simplifies the application of hedge accounting and expands the strategies that qualify for hedge accounting. In accordance with the ASU, both the effective and ineffective portion of a cash flow hedge are initially reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified into earnings when the forecasted transaction affects earnings. The ASU requires certain changes to the presentation of hedge accounting in the financial statements and some new or modified disclosures. See "Note 14. Financial Instruments" for additional information.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS TO BE ADOPTED
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. The ASU introduces a new accounting model, the Current Expected Credit Losses model (CECL), which requires earlier recognition of credit losses and additional disclosures related to credit risk. The CECL model utilizes a lifetime expected credit loss measurement objective for the recognition of credit losses for loans and other receivables at the time the financial asset is originated or acquired. The expected credit losses are adjusted each period for changes in expected lifetime credit losses. This model replaces the multiple existing impairment models in current U.S. GAAP, which generally require that a loss be incurred before it is recognized. The new standard will also apply to receivables arising from revenue transactions such as contract assets and accounts receivables and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. We continue to evaluate the effect of the standard on our consolidated financial statements.
All other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued but not yet effective are currently being evaluated and at this time are not expected to have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 9



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 2. REVENUE RELATED TO CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
DISAGGREGATED REVENUE
We disaggregate our revenue from contracts with customers by primary geographic markets.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Total Revenue
2019
2018
2019
2018
U.S.
$
1,500

$
1,675

$
4,621

$
4,718

Non-U.S.
4,382

3,990

12,869

11,894

Total
$
5,882

$
5,665

$
17,490

$
16,612


REMAINING PERFORMANCE OBLIGATIONS
As of September 30, 2019 and 2018, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) performance obligations was $22.2 billion and $20.8 billion, respectively. As of September 30, 2019, we expect to recognize revenue of approximately 49%, 65% and 90% of the total remaining performance obligations within 2, 5, and 15 years, respectively, and the remaining thereafter. Contract modifications could affect both the timing to complete as well as the amount to be received as we fulfill the related remaining performance obligations.
NOTE 3. CURRENT RECEIVABLES
Current receivables are comprised of the following:
 
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Customer receivables
$
5,253

$
4,974

Related parties
494

653

Other
766

669

Total current receivables
6,513

6,296

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts
(348
)
(327
)
Total current receivables, net
$
6,165

$
5,969


Customer receivables are recorded at the invoiced amount. Related parties consists primarily of amounts owed to us by GE. The "Other" category consists primarily of indirect taxes, other tax receivables, customer retentions and advance payments to suppliers.
NOTE 4. INVENTORIES
Inventories, net of reserves of $424 million and $430 million as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, are comprised of the following:
 
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Finished goods
$
2,707

$
2,575

Work in process and raw material
2,032

2,045

Total inventories, net
$
4,739

$
4,620




Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 10



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 5. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
GOODWILL
The changes in the carrying value of goodwill are detailed below by segment:

Oilfield Services
Oilfield Equipment
Turbo-machinery & Process Solutions
Digital Solutions
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017, gross
$
15,838

$
3,901

$
1,906

$
2,036

$
23,681

Accumulated impairment at December 31, 2017
(2,633
)
(867
)

(254
)
(3,754
)
Balance at December 31, 2017
13,205

3,034

1,906

1,782

19,927

Purchase accounting adjustments (1)
(136
)
293

394

429

980

Currency exchange and others
(26
)
(17
)
(114
)
(33
)
(190
)
Balance at December 31, 2018
13,043

3,310

2,186

2,178

20,717

Currency exchange and others

(15
)
(23
)
(25
)
(63
)
Balance at September 30, 2019
$
13,043

$
3,295

$
2,163

$
2,153

$
20,654


(1) 
In the second quarter of 2018, we concluded the final determination of the fair value of the assets and liabilities and the related goodwill associated with the acquisition of BHI. Of the total goodwill of $13,963 million resulting from the acquisition of BHI, $12,898 million is allocated to our Oilfield Services segment and the remainder to our other segments based on the expected benefit from the synergies of the acquisition.
During the third quarter of each fiscal year, in conjunction with our annual strategic planning process, we perform a quantitative goodwill impairment test for each of our reporting units. Our reporting units are the same as our four reportable segments. In performing this quantitative assessment, we determine the fair value of each of our reporting units using a combination of the income approach and the market approach by assessing each of these valuation methodologies based upon availability and relevance of comparable company data and determining the appropriate weighting.
Under the income approach, the fair value for each of our reporting units was determined based on the present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at an appropriate risk-adjusted rate. We used our internal forecasts to estimate future cash flows, including an estimate of long-term future growth rates, based on our most recent views of the long-term outlook for each reporting unit, which includes assumptions about future commodity pricing and expected demand for our goods and services. Due to the inherent uncertainties involved in making estimates and assumptions, actual results may differ from those assumed in our forecasts.
We derived our discount rates using a capital asset pricing model and analyzing published rates for industries relevant to our reporting units to estimate the cost of equity financing. We used discount rates that are commensurate with the risks and uncertainties inherent in the respective businesses and in our internally developed forecasts. Discount rates used in our reporting unit valuations ranged from 10.0% to 11.5% as of our testing date and these rates may change in future periods based on changes in the U.S. Treasury rate, inflation or other factors.
Valuations using the market approach were derived from metrics of publicly traded companies or historically completed transactions of comparable businesses. The selection of comparable businesses was based on the markets in which the reporting units operate giving consideration to risk profiles, size, geography, and diversity of products and services.
After quantifying the fair value, the carrying value of each reporting unit is then compared to its fair value and if the carrying value is more than its fair value, a step two analysis is performed. In the step two analysis, the amount of goodwill impairment, if any, is derived by deducting the fair value of the reporting unit’s assets and liabilities from the fair value of its equity, and comparing that amount with the carrying amount of goodwill.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 11



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Our annual impairment test of goodwill was completed as of July 1, 2019 for all four of our reporting units. The step one impairment test performed included key assumptions related to macroeconomic and industry conditions, overall financial performance of the reporting unit, short and long-term forecasts, the impact, if any, of the separation from GE, among other factors, all of which require considerable judgment. In addition, we also considered the declines in our market capitalization below our book value including the magnitude and duration of those declines.
Based on the results of our step one testing, the fair values of each of the four reporting units exceeded their carrying values; therefore, the second step of the impairment test was not required to be performed and no goodwill impairment was recognized. The Turbomachinery & Process Solutions and Digital Solutions reporting units had fair values that were substantially in excess of their carrying values. The Oilfield Services (OFS) and Oilfield Equipment (OFE) reporting units had fair values that exceeded their carrying values by 8.0% and 10.0%, respectively.
As of September 30, 2019, the OFS and OFE reporting units remain at-risk for future goodwill impairments as it is reasonably possible that judgments and estimates of certain key assumptions could change in future periods and may result in a reduction in fair value. Therefore, we performed sensitivity analyses for two key assumptions, discount rate and long-term growth rate for the OFS and OFE reporting units. We assumed a hypothetical 100-basis-point decrease in the expected long-term growth rate or a hypothetical 100-basis-point increase in the discount rate. Both scenarios independently yielded an estimated fair value for both the OFS and OFE reporting units below their carrying value. In future periods, we will perform qualitative assessments of our key assumptions to determine whether a triggering event has occurred which may require us to perform a quantitative test of the at-risk reporting units at that time. Any significant adverse changes in future periods to our internal forecasts or the external market conditions, including any negative impact as a result of the separation from GE, if any, could reasonably be expected to negatively affect our key assumptions and may result in future goodwill impairment charges which could be material.
Our stock price has historically experienced volatility as a result of industry-wide and macroeconomic factors, including global oil prices. In addition, more recently, we believe that our stock price has been subject to increased volatility resulting from, among other things, uncertainty around the impact, if any, of GE's separation from Baker Hughes and consequential secondary offering of our Class A common stock. While we believe that our stock price reflects transitory circumstances/conditions as described above, any future sustained declines in our stock price could be a triggering event which may require us to perform a quantitative test at that time.
OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Intangible assets are comprised of the following:
 
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Customer relationships
$
3,016

$
(1,010
)
$
2,006

$
3,085

$
(944
)
$
2,141

Technology
1,063

(592
)
471

1,107

(526
)
581

Trade names and trademarks
690

(246
)
444

698

(229
)
469

Capitalized software
1,165

(897
)
268

1,118

(824
)
294

Other
1

(1
)

14

(2
)
12

Finite-lived intangible assets
5,935

(2,746
)
3,189

6,022

(2,525
)
3,497

Indefinite-lived intangible assets (1)
2,242


2,242

2,222


2,222

Total intangible assets
$
8,177

$
(2,746
)
$
5,431

$
8,244

$
(2,525
)
$
5,719


(1) 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets are principally comprised of the Baker Hughes trade name.
Intangible assets are generally amortized on a straight-line basis with estimated useful lives ranging from 1 to 30 years. Amortization expense for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 was $85 million and $112 million, respectively, and $278 million and $352 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30,


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 12



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

2019 and 2018.
Estimated amortization expense for the remainder of 2019 and each of the subsequent five fiscal years is expected to be as follows:
Year
Estimated Amortization Expense
Remainder of 2019
$
86

2020
325

2021
279

2022
239

2023
226

2024
219


NOTE 6. CONTRACT AND OTHER DEFERRED ASSETS
A majority of our long-term product service agreements relate to our Turbomachinery & Process Solutions segment. Contract assets reflect revenue earned in excess of billings on our long-term contracts to construct technically complex equipment, long-term product maintenance or extended warranty arrangements and other deferred contract related costs. Contract assets are comprised of the following:
 
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Long-term product service agreements
$
576

$
609

Long-term equipment contracts (1)
1,098

1,085

Contract assets (total revenue in excess of billings) (2)
1,674

1,694

Deferred inventory costs (3) 
130

179

Non-recurring engineering costs
47

21

Contract and other deferred assets
$
1,851

$
1,894

(1) 
Reflects revenue earned in excess of billings on our long-term contracts to construct technically complex equipment and certain other service agreements.
(2) 
Contract assets (total revenue in excess of billings) were $1,684 million as of January 1, 2018.
(3) 
Deferred inventory costs were $360 million as of January 1, 2018, which represents cost deferral for shipped goods and other costs where the criteria for revenue recognition has not yet been met.
Revenue recognized during the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 from performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in previous periods related to our long-term service agreements was $(31) million and $3 million, respectively, and $(9) million and $25 million during nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. This includes revenue recognized from revisions to cost or billing estimates that may affect a contract’s total estimated profitability resulting in an adjustment of earnings.


Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 13



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 7. PROGRESS COLLECTIONS AND DEFERRED INCOME
Contract liabilities include progress collections, which reflects billings in excess of revenue, and deferred income on our long-term contracts to construct technically complex equipment, long-term product maintenance or extended warranty arrangements. Contract liabilities are comprised of the following:
 
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Progress collections
$
2,313

$
1,600

Deferred income
123

165

Progress collections and deferred income (contract liabilities) (1)
$
2,436

$
1,765

(1) 
Progress collections and deferred income (contract liabilities) were $1,775 million at January 1, 2018.
Revenue recognized during the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 that was included in the contract liabilities at the beginning of the period was $156 million and $281 million, respectively, and $1,004 million and $1,287 million, respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.
NOTE 8. LEASES
Our leasing activities primarily consist of operating leases for administrative offices, manufacturing facilities, research centers, service centers, sales offices and certain equipment.
Operating Lease Expense
Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
Long-term fixed lease
$
61

$
169

Long-term variable lease
13

37

Short-term lease (1)
202

544

Total operating lease expense
$
276

$
750


(1) 
Includes leases with a term of one month or less
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, total operating lease expense was $184 million and $558 million, respectively. Cash flows used in operating activities for operating leases approximates our expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.
As of September 30, 2019, maturities of our operating lease liabilities are as follows:
Year
Operating Leases
Remainder of 2019
$
55

2020
208

2021
152

2022
122

2023
83

Thereafter
369

Total lease payments
989

Less: imputed interest
174

Total
$
815




Baker Hughes Company 2019 Third Quarter FORM 10-Q | 14



Baker Hughes Company
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Amounts recognized in the condensed consolidated statement of financial position as of September 30, 2019:
 
Operating Leases
All other current liabilities
$
188

All other liabilities
627

Total
$
815


Right-of-use assets of $809 million as of September 30, 2019 were included in "All other assets" in our condensed consolidated statements of financial position.
The weighted-average remaining lease term as of September 30, 2019 was approximately eight years for our operating leases. The weighted-average discount rate used to determine the operating lease liability as of September 30, 2019 was 4.3%.
NOTE 9. BORROWINGS
Short-term and long-term borrowings are comprised of the following:
 
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Short-term borrowings
 
 
Short-term borrowings from GE
$
647

$
896

Other borrowings
47

46

Total short-term borrowings
694

942

 
 
 
Long-term borrowings
 
 
3.2% Senior Notes due August 2021
520

523

   2.773% Senior Notes due December 2022
1,246

1,245

8.55% Debentures due June 2024
128

131